[GRASS-dev] 6.2.2 RC1, Mac .app compilation, & Tcl/Tk
smitch at mac.com
Wed May 30 21:14:00 CEST 2007
On 30-May-07, at 10:27 , William Kyngesburye wrote:
> On May 30, 2007, at 7:52 AM, Scott Mitchell wrote:
>> I have tended to stick with the "unix version" of GRASS on my
>> Macs. I have occasionally played with either William's binaries
>> (kyngchaos.com), or compiling from source with the --enable-macosx-
>> app option, but I've never used these versions much beyond quick
>> tests, since I work a lot over network connections in a mixed
>> Linux/Mac environment.
> You can start the .app GRASS from the Terminal with /Applications/
> GRASS-[version].app/Contents/Resources/grass.sh. This is the
> equivalent of grass62 in the unix build.
>> So for 6.2.2 RC1, I just tried compiling with the following:
>> branford:~/src/grass-6.2.2RC1 smitchl$ ./configure --prefix=/
>> Applications --enable-macosx-app '--with-libs=/usr/X11R6/lib /
>> Library/Frameworks/UnixImageIO.framework/unix/lib /sw/lib' '--with-
>> includes=/usr/X11R6/include /Library/Frameworks/
>> UnixImageIO.framework/unix/include /sw/include' --with-freetype --
>> include --with-freetype-libs=/Library/Frameworks/
>> FreeType.framework/unix/lib --with-gdal=/usr/local/bin/gdal-config
>> --with-motif --with-postgres-includes=/sw/include/postgresql --
>> with-odbc --with-fftw-includes=/Library/Frameworks/FFTW3.framework/
>> unix/include --with-fftw-libs=/Library/Frameworks/FFTW3.framework/
>> unix/lib --with-sqlite --with-python --with-proj=/usr/local --with-
>> cxx --with-tcltk-includes=/sw/include --with-tcltk-libs=/sw/lib
> Quite a mix of stuff there. A possible problem is the global libs/
> includes option, especially as it includes Fink (/sw) - that could
> short circuit more specific options like FreeType and FFTW, and
> link other installed copies. It makes a longer configure command,
> but I prefer to leave -libs and -includes as a last resort and
> specify every option.
It has worked well for me, but I see your point. I think it works as
long as you don't have conflicting possibilities - e.g. I recently
ran into trouble on a Solaris box because there was an ancient GDAL
lying around in one of the search paths, conflicting with the modern
version I installed.
> Note: since you're using my FreeType, FFTW and UnixImageIO
> frameworks, have you considered the rest - GDAL, PROJ and SQLite3?
Yes, I've done that too - the mix is a result of some experimentation
- I see the danger, and I don't recommend the mixed method to those
>> What I've ended up with, though, is a "unix version" installed
>> under /Applications/grass-6.2.2RC1 instead of an .app/ -- I'm
>> assuming this is because I specified "unix" tcltk (on this
>> machine, installed through fink, so it's in /sw).
> The OSX .app build is not in 6.2. So that will still be a unix
> build. Nothing to do with using X11 TclTk. It seemed like a new
> feature, and so not appropriate to add to 6.2.
Oops, how embarrassing. I knew that at one point, but forgot while
doing this, and copied my configure options over from a 6.3 build.
>> It seems to work fine, with the exception of nviz, which generates:
>> Exception: EXC_BAD_ACCESS (0x0001)
>> Codes: KERN_INVALID_ADDRESS (0x0001) at 0x5c637273
> I found an odd build issue with the X11 TclTk - it does not add the
> unversioned symlinks to the libraries (libtcl.dylib, libtk.dylib).
> So when linking to nviz (-ltcl -ltk) it doesn't find those and
> moves on to link the system's tcltk, which doesn't work.
> Add the symlinks to your tcltk build and try building GRASS again.
> I see your tcltk is in /sw, so:
> sudo ln -sf libtcl8.4.dylib /sw/lib/libtcl.dylib
> sudo ln -sf libtk8.4.dylib /sw/lib/libtk.dylib
> If that's already OK, then maybe it's something that Fink is doing
> with the build?
Between this and Agustin's post, this sounds promising. The machine
in question is at home and turned off, but I'll try it out ASAP.
>> In the meantime, I'm wondering:
>> (1) Am I correct in inferring that if one wants a .app build, one
>> needs to use the Aqua Tcl/Tk (i.e. don't specify a unix/X11
>> version for the tcltk includes and libs) ?
> No. The .app can use the X11 TclTk. And the unix build can use
> Aqua. OSX's TclTk is old, 8.3. That should work, but I haven't
> had any luck with it. And, in Panther it's not really Aqua, and
> not really X11, only in Tiger is it fully Aqua.
> And, there are still random problems with NVIZ and TclTk Aqua. So,
> X11 TclTk is still recommended (by me at least). With the move to
> Python for the GUI, I haven't bothered to look into NVIZ bugs with
OK, that's clear. I prefer the X11 version myself anyway. Now I
realize my problem was just that I was using a 6.2 source tree, not a
>> (2) If someone wants to use X11 instead of Aqua, there's nothing
>> wrong with an "external" build of Tcl/Tk, alongside Apple's,
>> right? If I understand William's writing in http://grass.itc.it/
>> platforms/macgrass/tcltk.php correctly, this is essentially what
>> he has done by installing into /usr/X11R6, because Apple's is
>> directly under /usr
> I need to clean up those instructions and move them into the wiki.
> Rather than install them in X11, install them in /usr/local. As I
> mention in the readme in CVS, /usr/local/tcltk is what I use, to
> keep it isolated. Though I see you're using TclTk from Fink.
I have done both, depending on the machine and how much I interact
with it. I have /usr/local/tcltk on other machines. I've had no
trouble either way most of the time.
> Installing extras into X11, I decided after writing those
> instructions, was not safe since it's an 'Apple space' - their
> updaters might trash something in the future.
Yeah, I was worried about that. I've committed a change to tcltk.php
accordingly, but if you want to clean up those pages yourself, I'll
hold off other edits.
Thanks, it's great to see the logic!
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